“An investment in knowledge pays the best interest.” ~Benjamin Franklin
Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located just below the rib cage on each side of the human spine. Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood each minute, removing waste and extra water to make urine. Kidneys also balance electrolytes, control blood pressure, and stimulate the production of red blood cells. Each kidney is approximately the size of a large fist, 4-5 inches.
Kidney disease occurs when the kidneys become damaged and can no longer filter blood and other minerals. Chronic kidney disease is characterized by the slow decline of kidney function. The most common risk factors for kidney disease are high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and family history.